那普,镇希腊历史悠久

今天,我很高兴向您介绍那普(纳夫普利翁)的伯罗奔尼撒半岛的历史名镇。

1821年,希腊人宣布独立的希腊战争反对奥斯曼帝国困扰该国400年。八年后,那普成为希腊和遗体的第一资本,这一天小镇历史悠久。旧城区,位于海滨长廊附近,已经从1800年的既保持它的手感和外观。这在很大程度上归功于那普陈旧的建筑,以及三个炮台威尼斯人围绕着它:的Bourtzi,派勒密和“其羽衣甘蓝”。

A statue of King Otto in Trion Navarchon square

当你步行游览老城区,到处放置的纪念碑和雕像不断提醒你在一个地方是曾经被战争英雄,国王和人民的天才的领袖居住。这个想法带来了寒战了我的脊椎每一次,我希望今天的分享敬畏的感觉和你在一起。

So come with me, on this virtual tour of the town, and let’s revel together in Nafplio’s past and present glory. I promise you will be enchanted by its beauty and, if Greek history interests you, chances are you will hear something new

Syntagma (Constitution square)

Nafplio is a highly touristy town. As well as having a multitude of visitors from other countries, Greeks, mainly Athenians, descend in droves for weekend breaks throughout the year. Their favorite pastime here, it seems, is to sit at one of the bustling cafes, either on the promenade, or at the historical Syntagma (Constitution) Square.

的Bourtzi从长廊视图(小灯塔是可见的左侧)

无论你在哪里在Nafp的老城区lio, you will sooner or later wind up in the promenade. Akti Miaouli Street is lined with cafes, all of them offering a picturesque view to the Venetian fort of Bourtzi that stands isolated from town in the middle of the water. Back in the day, a chain connected it to Akronafplia so that unwanted ships could not approach the city. Much later in time, Bourtzi became a prison (the war hero Kolokotronis was jailed here too), then a hotel (19230s – 1960s), and now it’s a popular point of interest for the tourists. Throughout the year, caiques ferry visitors back and forth to it from the promenade. I visited it years ago and took some wonderful pictures, which I plan to share on a separate article. When I do, I will make sure to link up to it from here.

在长廊的尽头有一座小小的灯塔,游客在这里可以具有的Bourtzi的近距离观察和阿尔戈斯远处的城堡。在另一边,认为是一样惊人的:

派勒密和Akronafplia从灯塔观察

派勒密城堡和Akronafplia的下丘冠老城迷人的效果。到Akronafplia访问是必须的,而徒步登顶远不费力作为一个派勒密。其实,我不建议,除非你是认真配合勇敢的999步到派勒密!在另一方面,Akronafplia应该是蛋糕的和平去徒步,如果你喜欢安静,长时间散步。

Akronafplia享有城镇和Arvanitia海滩,还有几个地方利益的壮观景色 - 最有趣的是钟楼和炮台遗址。请参见“建议自助游”后来在这个职位Akronafplia的细节和图片。

Leaving the lighthouse, one can either head left towards the old town, or head right for a delightful walk to Arvanitia Beach (again, see ‘Suggested Walks’ later in this post for details and photos).

The photos in this post were all taken around New Year’s Day. The city was decorated beautifully, and a pirate ship was put up in Trion Navarchon Square (Three Admirals). Children’s events took place there every day during our stay.

派勒密地从Kapodistrias平方的一个视图。Kapodistrias是希腊的第一任总督

The infamous Palamidi is visible from anywhere in Nafplio. To visit it, you can either drive along 25is Martiou Street, then up the hill to its main entrance or, if you dare the exertion, go up its 999 steps that begin from the old quarter near The Land Gate (Pyli Ksiras).

A view of Palamidi castle from Fillelinon (philellenes) square on the promenade

Legend has it that the 999 steps of Palamidi used to be 1,000 but the horse of the war hero Theodoros Kolokotronis broke the 1000th with its hooves. Kolokotronis was one of the prominent war generals of the 1820s who freed Nafplio as well as the town of Tripoli.

在Nafplio Kolokotronis广场,增效ificent statue that depicts him on his horse pointing towards Tripoli. A similar statue stands in Stadiou street, Athens, outside the Old Parliament building (now, the National Historical Museum).

虽然他是奥托巴伐利亚王子的狂热支持者,并扎根于他成为希腊的国王,当Kolokotronis是一位老人,经过奥托已成为国王,他结束了被指控犯有叛国罪。更讽刺的是,他随后在潮湿的清盘,在派勒密城堡微小监狱,很到位,他一旦进入以胜利者的姿态和解放者。监狱是刻在岩石上一个狭小的空间,并在提供城堡的游客幽闭观光景点。

Kolokotronis是最受尊敬的希腊英雄之一。他对希腊臭名昭著的爱和他向Othoman规则自由的承诺洋溢在他传奇的话 - 你会发现它们翻译成英文,下面我最大的能力。

“Are you Greek? What are you bowing for? Stand up! We Greeks talk even to the Gods while standing tall!”

“希腊是我们想要的东西,如果这意味着我们会吃石头也没关系!”

他臭名昭著的红色头盔是他作为主要服务扎金索斯(桑特岛)的英国军队的残余。头盔和盔甲上的国家历史博物馆(Stadiou街,雅典)显示。关于这个伟大的希腊生活的更多信息,到这里

During Venetian rule, Nafplio had the name ‘Napoli di Romania’. The Venetians had fortified the city and had built a single gate one could enter or exit through (1687). A reconstructed version of it survives today and it is called The Land Gate (Pyli Ksiras).

威尼斯人已经建立了一个运河跑过去的门,并允许小船从海上和沼地外面进来。栅收于阳光下。任何之后谁赶到,将别无选择,只能借宿外。有门后面的军营 - 士兵把守,并监督谁来了又去。

希腊的第一位国王,巴伐利亚国王奥托,被提供关键那普前面的土地闸门的时候,他才十八岁(1833年)。

This painting by Peter Von Hess from 1835 depicts the entry of King Otto to the city of Nafplio. The Land Gate is visible in the distance. All three timeless forts of Nafplio are also depicted.

土地闸门是围绕1894年拆除,运河逐渐装满土。如今,它代表与重建的圣马可在其顶部原来的狮子,但遗憾的是没有它的头,翅膀和尾巴。

门前矗立着一座纪念碑那普,斯科什·斯科波洛斯,谁希腊独立战争期间释放派勒密地堡垒的本地英雄。

WHERE TO GO FROM THE LAND GATE?

Next to the aforementioned statue is a cafe with artificial waterfalls and a pond. Behind it there are some steps. If you go up to the road from here you can either take the steps to Palamidi (if you dare!!), or bear to the right and carry on uphill to Akronafplia (to the clock tower and the fort ruins) or, where the road divides into two, head down to Arvanitia beach. No matter what you choose, you’re in for unforgettable sea views and scenery (see ‘Suggested Walks’ later in this post for details and photos).

Constitution Square, mentioned earlier for its bustling cafes, is surrounded by magnificent neoclassical buildings, as well as two prominent landmarks: the Archeological museum and the old Mosque (Vouleftikon) with its beautiful dome. The latter was initially a Turkish mosque but when Greece was liberated it housed the first parliament of the newly formed state.

清真寺,其中安置希腊的第一届议会,并(从考古博物馆的门面拍摄的照片)上Akronafplia老钟以上

Other museums worth visiting are the War Museum and the Koboloi (worry beads) Museum. Both are situated near Trion Navarchon Square.

Walking around Nafplio’s lanes is a pleasure in itself. There are many curio shops and wonderful eateries on offer.

The stepped street of Potamianou near St Spyridon leads to the Catholic church and Akronafplia (clock tower and fort ruins of Its Kale)

Many streets have steps and are so enchanting they simply beg for the amateur photographer to take a snap. These steps on Potamianou Street are situated a little after the infamous St. Spyridon Church (see a little later in this post for the church’s harrowing story!)

It may not look like much at first glance, but this particular corner (just before you get to the Land Gate from St Spyridon’s Church) gave me goosebumps. The signs on the opposite walls informed me that the house on the left, now Dias hotel, was once the home of亚历山大·普赛勒蒂斯。街对面,一个与棕色门窗曾经是家Manto Mavrogenous。认为我是站在希腊独立战争的两个传说的家门口给我留下粘在现场。我只是站在那儿,惊叹于外墙,减少到沉默了半晌,采取全身。

All the quaint streets on higher ground from the busy shops and eateries await to take you back in time, and the antiquated buildings, draped with bougainvillea, take your breath away. This time, I chose to stay at the heart of this district and I am so glad I did. My hotel, Byron Hotel, was the perfect choice and it consists of two old buildings: The one on higher ground (light blue windows) used to be a stately home, then converted into homes for poor families. The owner offered the information that each family would occupy only one room, and the one I stayed in was quite small (albeit uniquely quaint!). It made me very sad to imagine a whole family once had such a tiny space to themselves!

The church of St Spyridon stands opposite the part of Byron Hotel that used to be The French Embassy. After murdering Kapodistrias at the church’s entrance, Mavromichalis found refuge inside the Embassy.

竖立在街道的酒店,以及街对面的教堂的一部分耙纳夫普利历史的一部分...

圣斯皮教堂很小又不失美观。此外,其家门口有一个巨大的历史价值。Kapodistrias,希腊第一任总督,一度被杀害在阈值途中在参加群众玛尼的挑衅家族的两个成员:康斯坦丁Mavromichalis攻击用枪和他的儿子的Georgios用匕首。康斯坦丁被证人当场击毙,并在此Georgios法国大使馆隔街相望(拜伦酒店预订今天)藏了起来。他后来投降,被送到了枪决。有关详细的帐户Kapodistrias’暗杀,到这里

在圣斯皮的入口附近的墙上的牌匾告诉Kapodistrias谋杀案的故事。

万物孚可以从他在孚镇雕像(以及从Kapodistriasbetway必威官网登陆官方网博物馆Evropouli,科孚岛)承认Kapodistrias研究员爱好者。Kapodistrias出生在科孚岛,他是一个计数betway必威官网登陆官方网。在俄罗斯外交部长服务后,他来到希腊,并当选国家的第一头时,该国从奥斯曼帝国中解放出来。高学历,能干的外交家和一个聪明的人,他是著名的他的技巧,得到了在那普当地人吃的土豆!

Kapodistrias带来了土豆希腊希望能养活饥饿的民众,但是那普的本地人,谁从来没有听说过他们的面前,不愿尝试。其结果是,吨土豆开始在商店腐烂。这是当Kapodistrias分配男人卸在码头纳夫普利翁土豆和看守他们白天和黑夜,而订购男人视而不见应该当地人企图偷窃。在很短的时间,现在意识到他们缺少的东西,具有较高的价值,当地人袭击了货物,并很快什么都没有留下!

由于机缘巧合将有它,我在看一个关于巴黎的纪录片有一天,它提到法国药剂师叫Parmentierwho used exactly the same trick in Paris (way before the Greek incident with Kapodistrias). The Parisians even thought the potato was the work of the devil, but Parmentier’s ploy, with the use of guards, was a success. I chuckled no end, and now think it’s quite probable that Kapodistrias, well-read as he was, may have taken a leaf from the French man’s book

住在拜伦酒店说得那么不难想象1800年的过去时代......装修确信的是,和这个地方的总能量确实做了。员工间的每个人都热情好客,乐于助人。我们喜欢在室内休息区的丰盛的早餐,尤其是书架!作为典型的书呆子,我和安迪总是选择通过它的早餐(并在晚上喝茶的无偿杯)中坐,所以我们可以在浏览各种书籍。

We both felt we should return in the summer, if only to sample the quaint outside sitting area too. It’s on the terrace of a derelict building next door that once housed Turkish baths.

Guests at Byron Hotel can sit out in the summer on the terrace of a derelict building that used to house Turkish baths

建议的散步

A WALK TO AKRONAFPLIA (AND ARVANITIA BEACH), STARTING FROM THE LAND GATE

另外,在上述地图,右侧的波浪线代表了999步到派勒密。土地门站对面它(这个地图上的“土地门”)。从那里,如果你走旁边的老城墙右侧,周围的弯曲的道路被分为两个(在Arvanitia广场)。从这里你可以去左(下坡),Arvanitia海滩,或走的路向右转(上坡),导致Akronafplia(钟楼和“其羽衣甘蓝”的炮台遗址)。Arvanitia广场很平淡 - 刚一打开柏油路空间。后来见本节中最简单的方法去Arvanitia海滩从那里,因为这是没有明确显示在地图上。

如果你走在上坡路到Akronafplia,你很快壮观海景的回报...

你身后,以派勒密也同样惊人 - 一个神奇的地方是!

Go past the derelict hotel, and you’ll soon enter the old fortress area. The road is paved here, and your transportation back in time begins…

Akronafplia堡(或者,它的羽衣甘蓝 - “内城” - 作为土耳其人叫它)已安置各个国家的军队随着时间的推移。最初由罗马和拜占庭建成,它曾经安置了城市本身。后来,威尼斯,土耳其和希腊军队使用它,土耳其人征服了两次。堡垒甚至被安置在某一点的巴伐利亚士兵;他们在这里被任命为国王奥托的保护。当他们伤寒疫情中死亡,墓地是为他们在城里创造和美丽的巴伐利亚狮子在岩石在埋葬地点雕刻兑现他们的记忆。

注:狮子今天仍然生存,现在旧的埋葬地点是公园(巴伐利亚士兵的遗骸现在保存在天主教堂)。看到狮子雕塑,得到图25是Martiou街,左转到米哈伊尔Iatrou街。巴伐利亚狮子是过去Agion的潘顿的教堂。对于图片和有关狮子的更多信息,到这里。For a map,到这里(marked as ‘sleeping lion’).

As you continue your uphill climb past the fort ruins of Akronafplia, you’ll soon begin to find spots with breathtaking views to the city. This is also the case when you reach the clock tower.

Theclock toweris a wonderful spot to enjoy the sunset from. The clock and its original tower were placed here during the rule of King Otto. In 1944 the German Army blasted the tower as it stood in the way of their artillery guns. The locals saved the clock from destruction and Greek poet Terzakis wrote a wonderful poem that spoke of a day of freedom where the precious clock of the city would sound again. That day came to be in 1949 when a new tower was constructed in the same place and the old clock took pride of place upon it.

Leaving the clock behind, you soon get to a point where you can either continue downhill (bungalow roofs of a hotel are visible in that direction) or turn left. I suggest you go left. It’s a very short walk from there to the helipad where the road ends. This spot offers, in my opinion, the best views of Akronafplia:

Palamidi as seen from the helipad on the top of Akronafplia

斜率的这种观点覆盖“Fragosykies”(梨果仙人掌)with the Palamidi in the background rendered me mesmerized. I hope the pictures can convey some of its beauty. The plants were laden with ripe fruit, but I doubt anyone would ever dare venturing down that perilous slope to get them! I risked just a few steps in that direction, enough to admire the view, and it left me truly breathless.

Head back down the same way you went…

NOTE: Another way to enter the fort of Its Kale (instead of starting your walk from the Land Gate) is to enter through its original gateway that survives today, complete with a Venetian lion emblem. You will find it as you go up the steps of Potamianou Street past the Catholic church (earlier in this post I included a photo of this stepped street that’s near St Spyridon Church).

如果你看中了快速向下降落到海滩,去Arvanitias广场(查看地图),发现穿过树林的路径on the very right of the square.

大多数人会通过这一点(!我知道我是)非常累,所以我不建议沿着海边过去的灯塔前往回城(查看地图 - 它带走的约1公里)。因此,我建议你回去土地闸门(很短的步行路程),在那里你可以坐在咖啡馆喝一杯放松。

By all means, if you have the stamina to keep going, here’s the way to get to the lighthouse from the beach: Go down to the rocks by the water’s edge and head right (you can walk easily on the flat rock surfaces but comfortable/non slippy shoes are a must). At some point you will find a few steps that will take you to a coastal road. The walk from here to the lighthouse is very picturesque – I share it with pictures in the next section.

A WALK TO ARVANITIA BEACH STARTING FROM THE LIGHTHOUSE

从灯塔,右转(一个安静的滨海大道)去Arvanitia海滩。

在弯附近,美丽的角落将开始让你的微笑......

就像上Akronafplia的顶部,这里的斜坡上覆盖着“fragosykies”太(仙人球或“梨果仙人掌”,在拉丁语)。他们我上次访问期间,果实累累。

游客已经刻在植物叶片缩写和日期所有的地方的话,有机会,他们会吸引你的注意了。如果你不熟悉这个厂,不要试图去触摸它的果实或削减其关闭。它不要求任何一个仙人球

This is quite a short walk that you can enjoy leisurely on an even slopethroughout.Before you know it you will be on the beach. It is frequented by swimmers throughout the year and you’re bound to spot at least one!

WHERE TO EAT IN NAFPLIO

I must start with my favorite – Liatero! It is a new restaurant that brims over with doll-like quaintness. Its pastel colors are bound to catch your eye! The added bonuses are the attentive, courteous stuff and the food that’s out of this world yummy. Try the linguine with sun-dried tomato and rocket, or the hand-made ravioli with spinach and sweet myzithra cheese from Naxos – then you’ll know what I mean! They also serve meat, fish, and seafood dishes.

要进入Liatero,离开Syntagma广场过去的考古博物馆的右侧和右转向长廊。你会看到它在车道 - 不能错过。

We enjoyed dinner in Vasilis taverna with live laiko and rebetiko music – a wonderful dining experience.

其他推荐餐馆:

VASILIS:Family taverna, traditional Greek food. Live music on some nights (Staikopoulou street)

CHRISTOFOROS:家庭小餐馆,传统的希腊美食(Staikopoulou街道)

Sokaki cafe/restaurant. Venture inside for its impressive decorative features!

SOKAKI:(Cafe/restaurant) Salads, crepes, quiche lorraine, burgers other dishes. Great indoor decoration. To find it, leave Syntagma square from the right side of the Archeological Museum (as you head to the promenade). You will see it in front of you, standing in a corner.

ARAPAKOS:Family taverna, traditional Greek food – live music on some nights (Bouboulinas Street, on the promenade)

KAKANARAKIS:Housed in the former King Otto Stables (Vasilissis Olgas Street)

GYROKOMEIO GRILL:索瓦兰吉和其他的廉价食品。物有所值!(Sidiras Merarheias街道)

SOUVLOMAGIES:索瓦兰吉和传统的希腊美食。在Kapodistrias雕像(在Kapodistrias广场)的背后是一个公园。这是老火车站网站(OSE公司)。绿色的另一边,你会发现在道路左侧的小酒馆。

推荐的CAFES

由土地闸门(“城前”的意思)放松与自来水取悦你的耳朵在“蜂胶”的声音阴影

PROPOLIS:咖啡,和齐普罗开胃菜。瀑布风景和声音 - 位于由土地闸门

CAFE STATHMOS:25is Martiou Street, in the old train station site (OSE company)

NAPOLI DI ROMANIA:Akti Miaouli,散步。强烈推荐。Word of warning: Not all the cafes in the promenade are good value for money (I had the displeasure to visit another, a stone’s throw away from this one, that was way more expensive and offered much lesser value)

XENION:在宪法广场。尝试“loukoumades我merenda”(油炸面团糖浆浸球和覆盖榛子酱)

热点提示为驾驶者

如果你从雅典参观那普车,从您的路线有点改道看Corinth Canal(Isthmos Korinthou)是非常值得您的麻烦!只要按照标志为“Isthmos”或“Loutraki的”。

那普附近的景点包括海滨小镇Tolo和the ancient剧院(和museum)Epidavros的的(埃皮达鲁斯)。如果你乘坐汽车,你可以通过和埃皮达鲁斯的Ligourio村(Lygourio),也就是说,如果你不介意的老景区的路线,而不是新的高速公路开车回雅典。

许多游客停在那里吃午饭 - 你离开那普Ligourio是前(靠近)的埃皮达鲁斯古剧场。在大量提供精美小酒馆。

If you have more days to explore, the ancient sites ofMykenae提林斯are great choices for the archeology enthusiasts.

Have you visited Nafplio? Would you like to offer a tip, share a memory, or ask a question? I look forward to your comments!

最新发布!凯利跑马拉松那普和清盘运行的房子。在这鬼!检查它在亚马逊

与鸣叫流传着一句话:

#Nafplio,一个镇在#Greek #history浸淫Click To Tweet

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4个思考“那普,镇希腊历史悠久

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