通过五座寺庙发现希腊神话

(Hollie Law提供的帖子)

Previously,,埃弗罗西尼发表了一篇关于著名的帕台农神庙的文章,,雅典卫城雅典女神雅典娜的宏伟神庙。这是一个令人印象深刻的结构,but it is not the only one of its kind.其他人也一样,每一个显著的特点,它们都承载着希腊神话的一部分。

不用再多费吹灰之力,here are five other temples that will help you discover mythic Greece.

赫菲斯托斯神庙

赫菲斯托斯是金属加工和工艺之神,他应该得到一座既气派又精致的寺庙。赫菲斯托斯神庙,位于Agoraios Kolonos,northwest of the Agora of Athens,is exactly that,甚至更多。Designed by Ictinus,who also helped design the Parthenon,这座神庙是迄今为止世界上保存最完好的希腊神庙。

Temple of Hera

赫拉神庙是现存最古老的希腊神庙之一。它建于公元前550年,是为了纪念结婚和分娩的女神。圣殿位于阿尔提斯的神圣区域的西北角,on the south slopes of Kronos Hill in Olympia.适宜地,Hera's temple is surrounded by a fortress of commanding columns,现在大部分都成了废墟,that seemingly stand on guard for the aforementioned goddess.

阿波罗神庙

A prime example of a temple of the Doric order,, the Temple of Apollo in the Southern slopes of Parnassos mountain was built for the god of sun Apollo,who has long been considered as one of the most important and complex among the Olympian deities.它是由两位传奇建筑师设计的,即,对流层音和龙舌兰,最初建于公元前7世纪。它在公元前6世纪被大火摧毁,但被重建并重新命名。阿尔克莫尼达神庙”to honour the Athenian family responsible for the temples reconstruction.它又被摧毁了,这次地震,in 373 BC and was rebuilt some 40 years later in 330 BC.Only the foundations of this third iteration of Apollo's temple have survived,along with a few of its Doric-style columns.

奥林匹亚宙斯神庙

也称为奥林匹克运动会,,这座希腊罗马神庙位于雅典市中心,最初长96米,长40米,由据说是从Pentelicus山运来的精美大理石建造而成。据说有104根科林斯式的柱子,每根高17米,环绕着真正的神庙,of which only ruins remain today.在104个柱子中,只有15人仍然站着,with the 16th remaining column lying right where it fell over in 1852.

波塞冬神庙

位于索尼昂,right at the tip of the Attica peninsula,波塞冬神庙与自然地,Poseidon,古希腊神话中的12位奥运选手之一。它与前面提到的赫菲斯托斯神庙有很多相似之处,which suggests that both temples were designed by the same architect.

Greek mythology has,当然,经受了时间的考验,first through word of mouth,神与女神的故事通过口头传统流传下来。Then it survived through written literature,最终,通过流行文化作为各种电视节目,演奏,电影是基于这一庞大的超自然故事集。

最近,即使是游戏行业也在将希腊神话的火焰保持在无法辨别的位置,一系列的游戏,比如,for instance,PlayStation4游戏 载于奥林匹斯山的阿波罗-灵感来源于神灵和传说中的半神。

数字游戏开发商Slingo 还有一系列基于希腊神话的标题,包括阿波罗:太阳神,,Kronos(based on the scythe-wielding Titan Cronus),,宙斯,,Zeus III,和宙斯1000.These games,除了好玩之外,具有挑战性的,令人愉快的,are giving people,a modern means to learn more about a part of Greek literature that has captured the fancy of many,希腊内外。这个,evidently,是希腊神话至今仍相当流行的主要原因之一。

你参观过希腊寺庙吗?What did you think,你最喜欢哪一个?Make sure to comment below and let us know!!

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雅典娜女神和她的圣殿,THE PARTHENON

今天,我正在重新发布我的旧邮件。这是关于雅典娜女神和她在雅典卫城帕台农神庙上的宏伟神庙。我希望你会喜欢的!!

Goddess Athena was greatly revered by the ancient Greeks.One of her many epithets,帕拉达(或帕拉萨)是由于她出生的特殊性。据传说,她从她父亲宙斯的前额跳了出来,全副武装,挥舞着长矛,making a fearsome sound.“pallada”一词来源于希腊语“pallein”,意思是“摇晃”。

这个神圣的年轻处女是其中之一,the goddess of wisdom and justice.Her sacred symbols include the owl and the olive tree.据传说,she challenged Poseidon on the Athens Acropolis aiming to win the patronship of the city.The two Gods agreed to each offer a gift before king Cecrops and the witnessing Athenians;更好的礼物将给予神极大的期望赞助地位。

波塞冬先走,用三叉戟击打卫城的岩石,制造埃雷赫提厄斯海;盐泉传说中,the Athenians weren't particularly impressed with this gift,因为水不适合喝。波塞冬随后提供了第二份礼物,马to be used for war.当雅典娜转身时,她用枪击地,地上立刻长出一棵橄榄树。a magnificent gift to be used for nourishment,黑暗中的美丽和光明。King Cecrops and the people of Athens favored the gift of the olive tree and declared Athena the patron deity of the city that inevitably took on her name.

根据传说,波塞冬被这件事激怒了,向西阿提卡猛冲去,在那里他淹没了第三亚洲平原。他和雅典娜的竞争,即使她是他的侄女,is legendary in Greek mythology.荷马的奥德赛充分说明了这一点,告诉世界这个可怕的叔叔和他狡猾的侄女谁为奥德修斯的命运而战。The cunning Greek king and his loyal crew roamed the sea for years,在特洛伊战争结束后,他们回到伊萨卡,经历了臭名昭著的考验和磨难。尽管波塞冬试图带领奥德修斯走向灭亡,因为他使他心爱的儿子失明而对他大发雷霆,the Cyclops Polyphemus,雅典娜一直违背他的意愿帮助奥德修斯摆脱困境,直到他安全地回到他的宫殿和忠实的妻子那里,佩内洛普。

The Athenians loved their patron Goddess like no other deity.在雅典的黄金时代(公元前460-430年)under the leadership of Pericles,他们在卫城山上建造了帕台农神庙,以及其他辉煌的建筑物;all of them famous through history in their own right as well: The Propylaea,The Erechtheion and The Temple of Athena Nike.

著名的建筑师伊克蒂诺斯和卡利克拉底接管了这座建筑,传奇雕刻家菲迪亚斯受命为帕台农神庙的内部建造巨大的雅典娜(金和象牙)雕像。名叫雅典娜帕提诺斯(雅典娜是处女)。菲迪亚斯还雕刻了巨大的青铜雕像雅典娜普罗马乔(雅典娜站在前线战斗)。这座雕像被放置在帕台农神庙和普罗皮亚神庙之间。

帕提农神庙一词来源于“帕提农神庙”,意为“处女”,雅典娜的绰号是“处女”。四年一次,帕纳辛尼亚节是为了纪念女神而举行的。虽然它也涉及类似奥运会的体育项目,主要的活动是宗教游行,从帕台农神庙经过埃拉奥多斯(神圣的道路)到达埃列夫斯镇;今天,埃拉·奥多斯作为一条繁忙的高速公路在雅典和历史名城Elefsis之间幸存下来(英语中也拼写为Eleusis)。这座历史名城也是迄今为止臭名昭著的古代伊洛伊修斯之谜的所在地。历史学家对此知之甚少。

The archeological site in Eleusis,雅典西部的一个海滨小镇,在古代就有臭名昭著的伊洛伊修斯之谜。

Over the millennia,The Parthenon,古代世界七大奇观之一,遭受了多次大规模的破坏。Other than being occupied by the Turks and turned into a mosque in the 1460s,1687年,它也被威尼斯人炸毁,1806年被埃尔金勋爵残忍地掠夺,甚至遭受过狂热的基督教牧师的严重破坏,他们破坏了他们眼中不雅的饰带上的描绘。

In order to graphically illustrate the Parthenon back in its glory days as well as its demise through the millennia,下面是希腊文化部的一段精彩视频。我希望你也能喜欢这里,a classic poem by the legendary philhellene,拜伦勋爵。伟大的浪漫主义诗人的想象力俘获了雅典娜的愤怒(密涅瓦,在罗马)进一步无情地摧毁了她的圣殿。为了诗歌爱好者的利益,我包括在这里整首诗的链接,那是1811年英国伟大诗人在雅典写的。

注:这篇文章最初发表在作者和历史学家的精彩博客上。Adam Haviaras。如果你热爱希腊历史,Greek travel articles,而以古希腊为背景的历史小说,你应该看看这位作者。访问亚当的博客在这里

你喜欢希腊神话吗?My highly acclaimed fantasy,雅典娜女神的项链,结合令人愉快的希腊神话和引人注目的家庭戏剧。看看这本书的预告片,下载一篇免费的摘录。在这里

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